A new era of mass production arose in the United States because of technological innovations.
A new era of mass production arose in the United States because of technological innovations.

The industrial revolution of the late 1800s was an important time period in the development of the United States economically, politically, and socially. It is a time period marked by creative ideas from men like Edwin L. Drake, Thomas Edison, and Alexander Graham Bell just to name a few. Their inventions and use of natural resources created growing markets allowing for the expansion of factories in urban cities which also led to population growth in those areas. The rise of industry gave way to the age of the railroad. The growth and consolidation of railroads benefited the nation but also led to corruption and required government regulation. Finally, the expansion of industry resulted in the growth of big business and prompted laborers to form unions to better the lives. The industrial revolution put the United States in a position to broaden its horizons and begin to look at itself on a grander scale in the world.

Essential Questions
1. What were the developments that helped industries to grow in the late 1880s?
2. How did big corporations become a powerful force in the American economy?
3. Why did workers organize unions and stage labor strikes?
4. What were the positive and negative effects of railroads on the nation’s economy?

Key Terms, People, & Places
1. Edwin L. Drake
2. Andrew Carnegie
3. Bessemer Process
4. Vertical and horizontal integration
5. Thomas Edison
6. Social Darwinism
7. Christopher Sholes
8. John D. Rockefeller
9. Alexander Graham Bell
10. Sherman Antitrust Act
11. transcontinental railroad
12. Samuel Gompers
13. George M. Pullman
14. American Federation of Labor
15. Credit Mobilier
16. Eugene V. Debs
17. Munn v. Illinois
18. Industrial Workers of the World
19. Interstate Commerce Act
20. Mary Harris Jones


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